Member states: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom
Treaty of Lisbon (Signed 13 December 2007; Entry into force 1 December 2009)
Schengen Agreement (Signed 14 June 1985; Entry into force 1995)
Schengen Convention (Signed 19 June 1990; Entry into force 1995)
European Stability Mechanism Treaty (Signed 2 February 2012; Entry into force 8 October 2012)
Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union (Signed 1 February 2012, Entry into force 1 January 2013)
- Council of the European Union (Council of Ministers)
- European Central Bank
- European Commission
- European Council
- European Court of Justice
- European Parliament
(Source: Treaty of Lisbon Article 2)
- The Union’s aim is to promote peace, its values and the well-being of its peoples.
- The Union shall offer its citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal frontiers, in which the free movement of persons is ensured in conjunction with appropriate measures with respect to external border controls, asylum, immigration and the prevention and combating of crime.
- The Union shall establish an internal market. It shall work for the sustainable development of Europe based on balanced economic growth and price stability, a highly competitive social market economy, aiming at full employment and social progress, and a high level of protection and improvement of the quality of the environment. It shall promote scientific and technological advance.
It shall combat social exclusion and discrimination, and shall promote social justice and protection, equality between women and men, solidarity between generations and protection of the rights of the child.
It shall promote economic, social and territorial cohesion, and solidarity among Member States.
It shall respect its rich cultural and linguistic diversity, and shall ensure that Europe’s cultural heritage is safeguarded and enhanced.
- The Union shall establish an economic and monetary union whose currency is the euro.
- In its relations with the wider world, the Union shall uphold and promote its values and interests and contribute to the protection of its citizens. It shall contribute to peace, security, the sustainable development of the Earth, solidarity and mutual respect among peoples, free and fair trade, eradication of poverty and the protection of human rights, in particular the rights of the child, as well as to the strict observance and the development of international law, including respect for the principles of the United Nations Charter.
6. The Union shall pursue its objectives by appropriate means commensurate with the competences which are conferred upon it in the Treaties.’
Adopted measures (Eur-lex database)